SLOVENSKÝ NÁRODOPIS 3/2017

V tomto čísle nájdete články o postavení židov v Česku po skončení 2. svetovej vojny, karnevalizovaných ľudových piesňach, lifestylovej migrácii v Maroku aj o koncepte kreatívnych miest Richarda Floridu. Nezabudli sme ani na sté výročie narodenia Andreja Melicherčíka.

OBSAH
 
EDITORIÁL

POTANČOK, Vladimír: Editoriál
 
ŠTÚDIE
 
SOUKUPOVÁ, Blanka: Židé v českých zemích v roce Jedna. K limitům židovských světů bezprostředně po šoa (od osvobození do únorového převratu /1948/). Menšinové pohledy

HAMAR, Juraj: Karnevalizované obrazy v ľudovej piesni
 
MATERIÁLY
 
REMEŠOVÁ, Lucie: Dopady turismu a lifestylové migrace na partnerské vztahy v marockém Taghazoutu

WINKLER, Tomáš: Úvod do konceptu kreatívnych miest s dôrazom na teóriu Richarda Floridu
 
VYHRADENÉ PRE
 
Význam diela Andreja Melicherčíka pre národopis v (Česko)Slovensku
KREKOVIČOVÁ, Eva: Na margo k významnému jubileu Andreja Melicherčíka

 
RECENZIE
 
Stanislav Brouček a kol.: Migrace z České republiky po roce 1989 v základních tematických okruzích (Peter SALNER)
Gabriela Kiliánová, Juraj Zajonc: 70 rokov ústavu etnológie Slovenskej akadémie vied (Margita JÁGEROVÁ)
Katarína Popelková a kol.: Čo je to sviatok v 21. storočí na Slovensku? (Gabriela KILIÁNOVÁ)
Jana Pospíšilová: To sem čula na vlastní oči... Tradiční vyprávění na nedašovském Závrší (Vladimír POTANČOK)
Gabriela Dudeková, Elena Mannová a kol.: Vojak medzi civilmi, civil medzi vojakmi. Vzťah armády a spoločnosti v období modernizácie (Peter SLAVKOVSKÝ)
 
SPRÁVY
 
Ústav etnológie SAV bol opäť súčasťou podujatia FOLK EXPO Slovakia 2017 (9. – 10. Jún 2017, Bratislava) (Vladimír POTANČOK)
Medzinárodná konferencia Cultural Heritage in Migration (Kultúrne dedičstvo v kontexte migrácie) (15. – 16. jún 2017, Sofia, Bulharsko) (Natália BLAHOVÁ)
Tübingenská konferencia projektu Komparatívna analýza konšpiračných teórií
(28. – 30. 7. 2017, Tübingen, Nemecko) (Vladimír BAHNA)
20. valné zhromaždenie Národopisnej spoločnosti Slovenska pri SAV a vedecká konferencia Etnológia pre súčasnosť (7. – 9. 9. 2017, Párnica)  (Hana HLÔŠKOVÁ)

VÝZVY

Abstrakty 

SOUKUPOVÁ, Blanka: Jews in Czech Lands in Year One. On the Limits of Jewish Worlds Immediately after the Shoah (from Liberation till the February Coup /1948/). The Minority Perspective

The study deals with the issue of inconsistence between the expectations of Jews from the Czech lands who survived the Shoah and the post-war reality of society exposed to systematic anti-Semitism for over six years. After World War II, the Czech society faced not only material shortage, but above all a shift to a new political system (after a short period of limited democracy) and the impacts of demoralisation of the second republic and protectorate periods. The study analyses the individual, collective, legislative and political limits of the post-war worlds of Czech Jews from liberation (May 1945) till the February coup (1948). It is based on so-far unknown archival material, as well as other sources (press, memories, diaries, fiction, etc.). The combination of sources of official, media and personal nature allows for a better understanding of the structured minority mentality, i.e. the ways of thinking and behaviour that could have led to a radical re-assessment of the minority strategies for the future.
 
Key words: Jews, Czech lands, Shoah, post-war Jewish worlds

HAMAR, Juraj: Carnivalised Pictures in Folk Songs

Thematically, this article focuses on the interpretation of carnival pictures in folk songs. In terms of source material, it is based on published sources, mostly songs from the author’s field research conducted in Slovakia, including a comparative reflection of the repertoires of other Slavic nations (Czechia, Moravia, Transcarpathia, Poland, Serbia). The author concentrated on that part of the traditional repertoire which relates to the laughter carnival culture from the point of view of archetypes, as highlighted by M. M. Bachtin in his work François Rabelais and the Folk Culture of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. This mainly relates to the aestheticism and poeticism of the carnival world and the grotesque concept of the body in folk songs. The article presents this issue through pictures of eating and drinking; food and drinks; personal hygiene; emptying and excrements, sexual acts, the human body; old-age, death and after-death life; animals and things.

Key words: folk laughter, folk song, Bachtin, carnival culture, carnivalisation, grotesque realism, comic, ugly, inferior, erotic, naturalism, food, eating, drinking, emptying 

REMEŠOVÁ, Lucie: The Impacts of Tourism, Surfing and Lifestyle Migration on Partner Relationships in Taghazout, Morocco

This article is based on my research conducted for the purposes of my thesis in the Moroccan municipality Taghazout. I observed the causes and impacts of important changes as a consequence of (sports) tourism and lifestyle migration. A small fishing village which bore no traces of tourism back to 2010 became a sought-after destination of surfers from all over the world and a centre for foreign investors, which substantially changed its character.
The introductory part of the article presents surfing as a lifestyle sport being the primary cause of changes, and describes its history and the sub-culture that it creates. It also presents the phenomenon of lifestyle migration and sports tourism as closely interlinked issues.
The study as such focuses on lifestyle migrants in the village and on the impacts of sports tourism and lifestyle migration on the partner relationships of the local population, as the influx of female tourists and lifestyle migrants has resulted in intercultural partner relationships in spite of the traditions of the rather conservative village known for pre-arranged marriages. The expansion of surfing is accompanied by the appearance of unveiled women in a society that gives preference to their veiling (without obliging them to do so), which results in contradictory reactions by the local population.
 
Key words: lifestyle migration, romantic migration, Morocco, sports tourism, partner relationships, gender
 
WINKLER, Tomáš: An Introduction to the Concept of Creative Towns with an Emphasis on Richard Florida’s Theory

The main purpose of this article is to offer an introduction to the concept of creative towns. This concept began to be used in Slovakia only a couple of years ago and represents a new area of interest for Slovak urban anthropology. The fundamental idea of this approach is urban development using the artistic and creative potential of the urban population. The text maps the origins and development of the concept of creative towns and its main features. Emphasis is placed on the theory of Richard Florida who is one of the biggest promoters of the idea of creative towns, though his approach is often criticised by other researchers. The final chapter of this paper describes the current state of research and application of this concept in Slovakia and highlights the possible ways of grasping it with a perspective for the future.
 
Key words: creative towns, urban anthropology, Richard Florida
 

 

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